In my last post I wrote about how to excite vocals for hip hop using the Waves Aphex Vintage Aural Exciter Plugin. But for those of you who may not have access to this plug-in, I thought I'd go ahead and show you how to excite hip hop vocals without the use of any third party plug-ins. The DAW that will be used in this guide is reason 9.5. While the program used for this demonstration might not be the same as yours. The techniques and principles can be applied to any DAW of your choice using stock plugins.
While simple yet very effective this technique can be used in other genres of music. For this process you'll need to create a copy of your vocals, while canceling out the low and some mid range frequencies of the duplicate track. This will require you to use additional processing like eq compression or a limiter and any other stock plugin of your choice, in the event you need to push or clean the signal of the duplicate track.
Step 1- Create a duplicate track of your vocals. As seen in the illustration below:
Step2- Remember to label your tracks. Depending on the number of tracks your working with it can easily get confusing if your not organized. As seen in the illustration below:
Step 3- Apply an EQ on the copied track and adjust the frequency value anywhere between 5 to 6 KHZ while Bring the high frequency decibel setting to its highest. As seen in the illustration below:
Step4- Adjust the High Pass filter and sweeping out the low end and midrange frequencies. As seen in the illustration below:
Step5- (optional) You can now add some compression or distortion (or both) to the duplicate signal. As seen in the illustration below:
Step6- Play the original track and slowing bring in the levels in from the excited duplicate track and slowly bring it in until you've reached a level you're satisfied with. As seen in the illustration below:
This technique will allow you to have just as much control if not more over frequencies that you wish to excite. It also leaves room for you to add other saturation effects to help you achieve the sound you want. And if the signal is too harsh just add a DEesser or eq , to tame those unwanted frequencies.
In my last post I wrote about the top ten effects recording artist need to know. And one of those effects mentioned where exciter. This effect is used to add presence to vocals or an entire mix. There are a variety of saturation types (presets)that will allow you to affect specific frequency areas of your vocals or overall mix. Some of the most common saturation settings will usually refer to frequencies by their characteristics. For example you're looking to excite the mid range frequencies you'd see settings like “warmth” or tube. Depending on the plug-ins or you're using of course but the reference and terminology behind the idea remains the same.
The plug-in used for this how to article is the Waves Aphex Vintage Aural Exciter Plugin. This plug-in emulates the original mid 1970's Aphex model 402 Aural Exciter.
Control features: As you'll notice on the lower left side of this plug-in, you'll see two knobs marked as Mode and meter. The first option will be in bold letters “BP” stands for bypass mode. This feature is modeled after the original hardware unit allowing you to get subtle coloring on the signal path. “Mix1” allows you to place the exciter on an insert in case you want to affect a signal sound source (ex. Instrument, drum snare ect.). “Mix2 is slightly different as it allows you to add a not so subtle effect to your sound you'll also notice this for the aux mode as well. The ax mix knob will be movable only when mix1 and mix2 are selected. Ax mode will be best used on a send return track to an auxiliary track that your sending audio to.
How to apply the exciter to your vocals
Step 1- Select and apply the Aural Exciter plug-in to your vocal insert shown in the illustration below:
Step 2- Adjust the settings of the plug-in by selecting mix 1 with the knob located on the lower left (Mode). Choosing “AX” for the meter located just above the meter option. As seen in the illustration below:
Step 3-You'll also need to adjust the input knob as well as the Ax mix. Move the input knob to a level you're comfortable with. Usually going a little past 6 is the sweet spot but that may vary for upon users. keeping the Ax mix knob anywhere between 5 and 8. But this may differ from the vocals you're using it on. As seen in the illustration below:
You'll now notice the vocals will have a certain brightness to them that compliments your mix.However if you're hearing any harshness at all in the signal you can tame it with eg.
The Reverse Reverb effect has been used in many songs and genres of music. From Nicki Minaj to Chris Cornell you name em, have all used this popular technique in their songs. What so special about this technique is that it can be applied as a transitional effect on vocals and instruments, with subtle or extreme presence in the mix. While this may be a cool and exciting effect to have on your vocals it's not a necessity and should be used sparingly as it may not always fit your song. Applying it to a song with an empty space right before the next line of your vocals come in may work when you're trying to add a slight build in your songs cadence. As the sound of this effect may appear to creep up on its listener with a subtle low ghostly echo, sweep that hints to the first word of the verse or chorus. To achieve this effect you'll need two things your vocals and some reverb.
Step1- This usually occurs at the beginning of a verse or where there is a slight break in your vocal verses leading up to the next phrase. You'll be selecting (or highlighting) the first word of your verse. Make sure there are no dead space when your selecting your parts as it will bring unwanted artifacts in that will sound unappealing. See illustration below:
Step 2- Once you've chosen your part you'll need to cut and copy to a new track. Now that it's cropped and clean with the exact parts you want to affect. You can now move on to the next step. See illustration below:
Step3- You'll want to apply a large amount of reverb preferably the hall setting or anything in that range. You won't need to spend too much time tweaking the setting, because the idea is to add enough to where its very noticeable. See illustration below:
Step 4- Bounce or record it into the vocal sequence. This is necessary for the next step ahead because you'll need to bounce out the a audio file for this to work. See illustration below:
Step 5- Once you have bounced or recorded the audio file into your DAW, you now have to reverse it.
See illustration below:
Step6-Trim back the audio just before it begins to form the first letter of the word. For example if we were to reverse the word “Hello”. Hearing the audio being played back to us would sound exactly how its spelled backwards “olleH”. Right before the pronunciation of the H, we would then crop (trim back) the audio clip so that it doesn't complete the word. See illustration below:
Step 7- Align the audio clip so it's positioned for a smooth transition. You can do this by creating another track which would be easier to manage or simply keeping it on the same track and moving closer. If necessary apply a crossfade to the beginning of either audio clips. See illustration below:
Adding effects to your vocals can help emphasize your point while giving your song a unique edge of its own. This can be done in many ways, from subtle to extreme and with moderation. Knowing when to use these effect will come with experience and preference. The overall benefit to applying effects to your vocals is that it gives your song(s) edge, uniqueness and helps you as an artist stand out. Whether you decide to take the subtle or extreme approach, in this article I'll be explaining how you can apply effects to your vocals to give your songs more edge.
1-Distortion-Believe it or not this is one of those most wildly used effects engineers use in their mixes. Often referred to as saturation because it adds warmth to the audio. But in this case we are looking to have the effect stand out with some harshness, that can be soften with some reverb and a D-esser (if necessary). This can be achieved by copying the lead vocals, bringing the level of the copied track down so the overall volume isn’t too loud while adding a separate bus track that has the distortion plug in off your choice. A combination of controlling the distortion signal being applied to the copied track and the volume of the copied track will based on preference. But if you want a clean sounding signal mixed with the audio then you'll want to apply as much distortion as possible. See illustration below:
2-Filter effects-Now we've all heard songs where the vocals sound thin as if their being re played from a radio or tiny speaker. Well this effect can be applied to your back up vocals or adlibs of your song as well. This can be achieved with a hi pass filter Eq, you basically want to remove as much of the low and mid frequencies as possible. The target frequency mark for the hi pass filter will be around 1.86 KHz. This effect can be applied on small parts of your song to emphasize cadence. See illustration below:
3-sidechaining reverb and delay- This is a technique used to add clarity on instruments mainly synthesizers and vocals that have reverb and delay applied to them. The issue that occurs with reverb is it can often overpower individual instruments as well as the entire mix. The remedy for this would be to side chain your reverb and delay. You do this by adding a compressor at the end of your FX bus track of your lead vocal mix shown in the illustration below:
You can mute the previous effects temporarily until you've reached your desired compression settings(optional). Once you've reached your comfortable with, enable the previous effects and adjust the threshold and release to your liking. You should be able to hear the effects being controlled and slightly pushed under the vocals. Remember to bypass and enable to compare the difference from before and after.Oct 102017
When you're just starting out as an artist and your putting together a project for the first time, choosing the right licensing option is vital. Knowing which option is best for your project can have an impact on it's overall success. You'll want to avoid choosing the wrong licensing option so that your not throwing away your hard earned cash. Few tips to keep in mind that will help you make the best decisions when buying beats online.
1-Project Goal- The type of project your putting out will determine your licensing choice. For example an artist putting out a mixtape will choose to lease beats instead of then buying exclusive rights. As exclusive rights can be pricey opting out for a lease would be the appropriate solution for an artist putting out a mixtape. Albums and EP's would require exclusive rights do to the nature of the project being put together. The expectation that comes with an artist buying beats for their album or Ep would be to have zero limitations, as far as sales and commercial use. As for mixtapes the expectation is some what lower and temporary in terms of how long an artist will be allowed to use the beats for their project.
2-Mp3 or wav- This is determined by an artist's experience level. Early on quality isn't usually a concern with artist who are putting out a first time project. In fact if you're just starting out a mixtape is usually a starting point for beginners. Choosing an mp3 lease is fine if your just starting out. And if you're looking to save money as well, since Wav leases usually cost more. Other producers may even offer stem files as well, leaving you with more control over your recording sessions. But again this is due to preference that comes from the artist's experience with recording their work. By the third or fourth project most artist will begin to come into their own and will pursue better quality hence Wav or tracked out licensing options.
3- Pricing- You'll notice a huge difference in pricing between the licensing options available to you when it comes to mixtapes and albums. As mentioned before your experience level and project will determine how much you'll need to spend on licensing. You won't have to search to hard to find a mixtape deal on line do to the nature of these types of projects.
4-Expectations – Knowing what you expect from your project will help you determine the direction you'll need to go when it comes to choosing the right license. If you're expecting to just do shows to help create a buzz while handing out your mixtape or demo then leasing is best they way to go. But if you're looking to have your songs placed on Tv & Film than obtaining exclusive rights is the best option for you. Establishing a clear plan earlier on with the points discussed in this post will help you choose the right licensing option for your project.
When I first got into beat making there were a long list of DAWS to choose from. What played a factor in my choice of software in the beginning was my budget and lack of knowledge. But in the end it worked its self out. Which ever program you choose to use remember that there is no such thing as the best DAW. And every digital audio workstation has its pros and cons, some may arguably out way others but that is subjective to preference. Here are a few pointers that can help beginners with your decision
1- Budget- This is the most important factor because everything in your studio will revolve around the DAW you'll be using. This is a big commitment because you'll be using the program for about 5 years plus and beyond. I've been using the same DAW for over 10 years now and haven't had the need to make a complete switch. Which ever route you may choose, make sure you're getting the best option available to you even if it means saving up a few extra hundreds to get the full version of the DAW you desire. Trust me holding out will be well worth it in the long run. There are many DAWs to choose form that offer trial periods.
2- Experience level- When your just starting out you'll want to choose a DAW with the lowest learning curve. For example a program like pro-tools would be too complex for a beginner to start out with, because of its learning curve being on a Pro level. This is an industry standard program that you'll find most if not all recording / mix engineers using int the studio. This program has training courses where a certification is received. Aside from that most DAWs will have more to offer beginners with video tutorials that can be found on you tube.
3 – Future proof- Keep in mind if your buying the entry level version of your DAW at some point you will out grow its limitations. As mentioned before saving up a little bit more for the full version will create more possibilities for you as your skill and knowledge of the program grows. Even if your using the entry level version of the DAW you'll always have to option to up grade to the full version of the program leaving you with no limitations and more features to work with.
4- Patients For some beginners there are a few DAWs that may have its challenges when it comes to the over all learning curve. The layout sequencer can be some what over whelming at first but with video tutorials and some patients the learning process can be rewarding if you stick with it in the end. With all the consistent DAW upgrades from various software developers makes it an exciting time for today's musician / electronic music producer in 2017.